The National Solidarity Programme (NSP) was created by the Government of Afghanistan to develop the ability of Afghan communities to identify, plan, manage and monitor their own development projects.  NSP promotes a new development paradigm whereby communities are empowered to make decisions and control resources during all stages of the project cycle.  In accordance with government policy the programme is expected to lay the foundations for a long-term strengthening of local governance to make it more inclusive (e.g. for women, internally displaced persons, returnees and ethnic minorities) and to provide assistance for the reconstruction and development of communities.