The Organization of Technical Cooperation for Community Development OTCD, a non-profit, non-governmental organization was established in April 2005 in response to the increasing drug use and other associated problems in Afghanistan. The mission of OTCD is: To contribute to the social development of the Afghan nation by reducing the problematic use and harms of legal and illegal drugs. OTCD provides a comprehensive and integrated range of drug treatment, rehabilitation/aftercare, and drug harm reduction services for drug users in different communities’ settings in Kabul, Badakhshan and Nangarhar provinces of Afghanistan. In the field of HIV/AIDS prevention/harm reduction: the organization has built up a wealth of experience and capability. The expertise includes outreach to IDUs and their partners, Needle & Syringe Exchange Program (NSEP), condom promotion program, Behavior Change Communications and skills, Primary Health Cares services, referral services to VCT, etc,  counseling, treatment and follow-up as well as data collection and analysis. All OTCD programmes are based on human rights protection of marginalized women, children, and men drug users. OTCD enables these vulnerable persons to know about the underlying issues of their drug misuse, explore risk and protection factors, examine attitudes and behaviour patterns, receive training in life and social skills and re-integrate into the community and society.