The Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL) has received Grants, finance from the SDF towards the cost of the Private Sector Directorate and General Directorate of Extension of MAIL, and intends to apply part of the proceeds for consulting services.
The Post – Harvest Management Project based at Paghman will be overseen by the private sector development directorate, Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL) jointly with the Extension Directorate.
Afghanistan is a land locked and mountainous country of about 65.223 million hectares (ha) of land out of which agriculture lands occupies 38.661 million ha. (CSO, 2009). Agriculture is the main source of livelihood for the majority of Afghan population and about 80-85% of rural population in Afghanistan depends on agriculture (Pain and shah, 2009). Agriculture sector contributes approximately 38% to the Gross Domestic Products (GDP) out of which nearly 23% is contributed by the Horticulture.
The climatic conditions of Afghanistan (i.e. availability of full sunlight, cold winter and warm summer.) are favorable for the production of quality fruits. Therefore the development of orchards is one of the important priorities for the strengthening of agriculture in Afghanistan and this is why the strategy plan of the Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL) has strong attention towards the development of the orchards. The most common fruit species grown in Afghanistan are Grape, Apple, Almond, Apricot, and Pomegranate.